e bike laws

Sec. Both electric bicycles and traditional bicycles must adhere to the same rules of the road. Notice: It seems you have Javascript disabled in your Browser. §§ 300.010(17), 300.347, 301.010(36), 307.180, 307.195. Most bicycles sold as e-bikes (or EAPCs - electrically assisted pedal bikes) are perfectly legal for use in the UK and are treated as ordinary push bikes. As a “moped,” an e-bike is a form of motor vehicle and is subject to motor vehicle laws including licensing, registration, and insurance. Helmets are not required for e-bike use, and there is no minimum age requirement to operate an electric bicycle. 28-10124, 28-10140, 28-819, 28-256C2. However, there is a minimum age requirement of 16 to operate an e-bike. 47 § 12- 701, For more information on Oregon’s electric bike laws, click here: Or. Rev. However someone under 14 can ride an e-bike off-road. Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. In all eight provinces, e-bikes are limited to 500 W output, and cannot travel faster than 32 km/h (20 mph) on motor power alone on level ground. In Delaware, Iowa and Nebraska, electric bicycles are defined within the existing definition of a bicycle, therefore there is not a distinction when it comes to operation on trails. Code § 39-01-01 (48); 39-06-14.1. For more information on New Jersey’s electric bike laws, click here: N.J. Rev. This law distinguishes, at the federal level, e-bikes that can travel 20 mph or less under motor power alone from motorcycles, mopeds and motor vehicles. For more information on Indiana’s electric bike laws, click here: Ind. E-scooters must follow all the laws that apply to bicycles. E-bikes are allowed on sidewalks, unless otherwise stated. Both electric bicycles and traditional bicycles require all riders and passengers under the age of 18 to wear helmets. The state defines three classes of low-speed e-bikes. Significantly, federal law only specifies the maximum speed that the e-bike can travel under motor power alone. E-bikes are allowed on both sidewalks and bike paths; however, local regulations may require that the motor be disengaged. The law defined a low-speed electric bicycle as “A two- or three-wheeled vehicle with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of less than 750 watts (1 h.p. Regular bicycles have to obey traffic laws, as do people on horses, or even pedestrians. For more information on Utah’s electric bike laws, click here: Utah Code § 41-6a-102 (7-9, 16); § 41-6a-1115.5; § 41-6a-1505. For more information on South Dakota’s electric bike laws, click here: S.D. For more information on New Mexico’s electric bike laws, click here: N.M. Stat. For more information on New Hampshire’s electric bike laws, click here: N.H. Rev. It’s important to note that certain counties and cities have their own electric bike laws in place, so you may need to visit your local DMV or city hall for further information on local e-bike laws and restrictions. tit. When you're commuting on your bike, you're likely to share the road with cars. Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. This bill provides funding for low-income and disadvantaged communities to purchase an e-bike or use a bikeshare program, making e-bikes and bikeshares more accessible means of transportation. However, local governments have the power to impose restrictions on the use of e-bikes using motor power while on bike paths. Thus, many states still have their own laws that categorize e-bikes with mopeds and other motorized vehicles, require licensure and registration, or do not enable them to be used on facilities such as bike lanes or multi-purpose trails. E-bikes are permitted to be on bike paths but are not allowed on sidewalks. Rev. A bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20 miles per hour. Local governments have the power to impose restrictions on the use of e-bikes using motor power while on bike paths. You must be at least 15 years old to operate a Class 3 e-bike, although a person under the age of 15 may ride as a passenger on a Class 3 e-bike. An electric-assisted bicycle with pedals and a motor that can't go faster than 20 mph is considered a bicycle under state law; all relevant bicycle laws apply. Riders must be at least 16 years old to operate a Class 3 electric bicycle, unless the e-bike is designed to accommodate passengers. E-bikes do not have to follow the same rules of the road as traditional bicycles. Owners of non-electric bicycles in Hawaii must register their bikes as well, but the fee is $15. 28-10124, 28-10140, 28-819, 28-256C2, For more information on Arkansas’ electric bike laws, click here: Ark. For further information on e-bike laws, research, news and industry updates visit People for Bikes. Please note: The information in this article is for educational and informational purposes only. Trans. 47 § 1-104; tit. §102, 3508, 3514. Riders must be at least 16 years of age or older to operate a Class 3 e-bike. It is especially important after a bicycle accident (we call them bicycle “crashes” and explain why here). E-bikes are not required to meet the registration, licensing, or insurance requirements that standard motor vehicles are subject to. Rev. For more information on North Dakota’s electric bike laws, click here: N.D. Of the 43 states and D.C. that define e-bikes, some state laws, such as in Arizona, Minnesota, Utah and Washington, specifically allow e-bike operation on facilities such as bicycle paths or greenways, with the caveat that many carve out exceptions for localities to enact stricter operation regulations on such bike and pedestrian facilities. §§ 32:1(41), 32:401(19), 32:198, 32:190, 32:203; 47:501. § 801.258; § 814.405; § 814.410; § 807.020. tit. Riding on the Roadway. There is a minimum age of 15 to operate an e-bike. Code tit. E-bikes are allowed on bike paths but are not permitted on sidewalks. Gen. Nos. Stat. Helmets are not required to operate an electric bicycle, and there is no minimum age requirement for e-bike riders. §§ 169.011(27), 169.011(4), 168A.03, 160.263, For more information on Mississippi’s electric bike laws, click here: Miss. Overall, at least six states—Alabama, Alaska, Massachusetts, Missouri, New Mexico and  North Dakota—require a license to operate an e-bike, typically because they still fall under the designation of another motorized vehicle classification with licensure and registration requirements and have not had a distinct e-bike law created. E-bikes are not required to meet the registration, licensing, or insurance requirements that standard motor vehicles are subject to. Although e-bikes are not allowed on bike paths, the rules regarding sidewalks vary by city. Cent. Stat. Anyone operating an electric bicycle must have a valid license. Electric bike riders or passengers under the age of 16 are required to wear helmets. The fundamentals of bicycle law are quite simple, but the details of the law are quite complex. 90-1, ch. These bike safety laws are a major step forward for better biking in SC. 47 § 1-104; tit. Class 3 e-bikes are not allowed on a bicycle or multi-use path unless located adjacent to a highway or roadway, or approved by the local authority or state agency with jurisdiction. In Idaho, electric bicycles are regulated in the same way as traditional bicycles. It’s best to check with your town, city, our county for clarification on local electric bicycle rules and regulations. Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. 31-1-101, W.S. Let’s get started: For more information on Alabama’s electric bike laws, click here: Ala. Code §§ 32-1-1.1, 885-1-1-.5, 32-5A-245, 32-12-41, For more information on Alaska’s electric bike laws, click here: Alaska Stat. For more information on Oklahoma’s electric bike laws, click here: Okla. Stat. 31-5-119, W.S. Riders of electric bicycles are not required to meet registration and operator’s license guidelines. § 66-1-4.11; § 66-1-4.2; § 66-5-2, For more information on New York’s electric bike laws, click here: N.Y. Veh. Vermont specifies that motor-assisted bicycles are governed as bicycles and have the same rights and duties applicable to bicyclists. For more information on Connecticut’s electric bike laws, click here: Public Act 18 – 165 (HB 5313, 2018 Session). E-bikes are not permitted on sidewalks. Revising older state laws that classify e-bikes as mopeds and scooters and may include burdensome licensure, registration or equipment requirements. For more information on Texas’ electric bike laws, click here: Tex. Class 3 e-bikes are only allowed on the roadway, unless otherwise indicated by the local authority. 21 § 41. E-bike riders must wear helmets. Class 3 e-bikes are prohibited from being ridden on bicycle paths unless they are adjacent to a highway or right-of-way, or they are specifically allowed by the local authority or the state agency that holds jurisdiction. Federal, state, local and private laws vary. Arkansas requires operators and passengers of a class three e-bike under age 21 to wear protective headgear. The state of Pennsylvania defines an electric bicycle as a “pedalcycle with electric assist.” An electric bike qualifies under this category if the motor is under 750w, if the e-bike has a maximum speed of 20 mph on a level surface when powered solely by the motor, if the bike weighs no more than 100 pounds, and if it features operable pedals. §259:6, 259:27, 265:144-a, For more information on New Jersey’s electric bike laws, click here: N.J. Rev. 1, C.D. There has been a steady stream of legislative action at statehouses regarding e-bikes since 2015. 31-5-203, W.S. Figure 1: Map: States that Define an Electric Bicycle, Three-Tiered E-Bike Classification System. Rev. On Friday, Sept. 6, California’s Governor Gavin Newsom signed Senate Bill 400 (SB 400) into law. 31-5-702, W.S. However, e-bikes are not subject to insurance requirements. : Bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the e-bike reaches 28 mph. Class 2: Bicycle equipped with a throttle-actuated motor, that ceases to provide assistance when the e-bike reaches 20 mph. Colorado, Indiana, Michigan, New Hampshire, South Dakota and Utah require helmets for those under age 18 operating or riding on a class three e-bike. European rules require that e-bikes only provide power if the rider pedals but in the U.S., most but not all e-bikes require pedaling for assistance. For any questions about the State’s bike laws, or about your rights to the road, contact attorney Peter Wilborn directly.. Stat. Both electric bicycles and traditional bicycles must adhere to the same rules of the road. Helmets are not required for electric bicycle use, but there is a minimum age of 14 for e-bike riders. For more information on Louisiana’s electric bike laws, click here: La. § 312.5; § 21200 – 21212; § 21207.5; § 24016, For more information on Colorado’s electric bike laws, click here: Colo. Rev. For more information on Washington’s electric bike laws, click here: RCW 2 46.04.169, 46.04.071, 46.20.500, 46.61.710 and 46.37. In New York, an electric bicycle is considered a “motor-driven cycle” and is subject to the same rules as traditional motor vehicles. Helmets are required for all Class 3 electric bicycle riders under the age of 21. E-bikes are most frequently “pedal-assist” or “muscle-assist,” meaning the rider must be pedaling for the electric motor to engage. Stat. The laws for riding a motorized bicycle in California made simple. Code §§ 63-3-103, 63-7-51(2). These states have almost identical defining language for e-bikes, as well as similar safety and operation requirements. If you know the laws, safety rules, and have the right attitude, you can be a confident, streetwise cyclist. New Jersey and West Virginia both established a two-tiered classification system. E-bikes are not permitted on sidewalks or bike paths. For more information on Missouri electric bike laws, click here: Mo Rev. Code § 9-13-2, 9-21-11-13.1, 14-8-2-185. Electric bikes are prohibited from being used on sidewalks and bike paths. The Nevada Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Board was created by the State Legislature to provide State agencies and other public entities input regarding bicycle and pedestrian policies, programs, and facilities.The Board, consisting of 14 pre-defined, gubernatorial appointees, meets every other month. For more information on Montana’s electric bike laws, click here: The state of Nebraska defines an electric bicycle as an “electric assisted bicycle.” To be placed in this category, the motor must be under 750w, have a maximum speed of 20 mph, and have pedals that can be operated by human power. Class 1 and 2 e-bikes are allowed on roadways and designated bike lanes and on multi-use trails and other areas (e.g.,campgrounds) that are open to non-motorized biking. Ann. Class 1 and Class 2 e-bikes can be operated on bike paths. While the Asian and European e-bike markets are more robust, industry advocates hope to continue to expand U.S. e-bike sales.. E-bikes are not permitted on sidewalks and bike paths. However, 25 states do not have helmet requirements for any class of e-bike. E-bike riders must be at least 15 years of age. In Alabama, an electric bicycle is considered a “motor-driven cycle.” Under the law, electric bicycles are not required to follow the same rules of the road as traditional bicycles. Class 1: Bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the e-bike reaches 20 mph. § 20-4.01 (7a & 49), For more information on North Dakota’s electric bike laws, click here: N.D. 31-5-707, W.S. The state of Florida (FL) defines electric bicycles as a bicycle or a tricycle equipped with with fully operable pedals, a seat or saddle for the use of the rider, and an electric motor of less than 750 watts. In Texas, electric bicycles are regulated in the same way as traditional bicycles. E-bikes also provide a new transportation and recreation option for people with disabilities and those with physical limitations. Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. As vulnerable road users, bicyclists should be aware of South Carolina bicycle laws. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Stat. a throttle) but no maximum speed when operating a pedal-assist. For more information on Pennsylvania’s electric bike laws, click here: Senate Bill 997; 75 Pa. Cons. Stat. & Traf. In Utah, electric bicycles are regulated in the same way as traditional bicycles. Code §502.143; 541.201; 541.202; 551.001; 551.106; 551.107; 664.001, For more information on Utah’s electric bike laws, click here: Utah Code § 41-6a-102 (7-9, 16); § 41-6a-1115.5; § 41-6a-1505, For more information on Vermont’s electric bike laws, click here: Vt. Stat. For more information on Michigan’s electric bike laws, click here: Mich. Comp. Stat. For more information on Nebraska’s electric bike laws, click here: The state of Nevada defines an e-bike as an “electric bicycle.” To be placed in this category, the motor must be under 750w, have a maximum speed of 20 mph, and have pedals that can be operated by human power. §§ 8-1489, 8-1592B, For more information on Kentucky’s electric bike laws, click here: Ky Admin. tit. Both electric bicycles and traditional bicycles must adhere to the same rules of the road. 21 § 1-101(2); tit. However, the law also defines “motorized bicycle” as a pedal bicycle having an electric motor that propels the bicycle in excess of 20 MPH with a maximum motor-powered speed of 28 MPH. 31-5-702, W.S. Wiscons in bicycling laws: Legal definitions: (numbers in brackets refer to state statutes) Bicycle [340.01(5)] Applicable sections from Wisconsin statutes: Rights of a bicycle riding upon a roadway [346.02(4)(a)] Pedestrians and bicycles prohibited from interstates, expressways and controlled access highways [346.16(2)] Florida, Maine and Maryland require any e-bike operator or passenger under 16 years of age to wear a helmet, while New Jersey requires any e-bike operator or passenger under 17 to wear a helmet and New York requires any e-bike operator or passenger under 14 to wear a helmet. Reach out to your local authority or state agency for further clarification. For more information on Wisconsin’s electric bike laws, click here: The state of Wyoming defines an e-bike as an “electric bicycle.” Both electric bicycles and traditional bicycles must adhere to the same rules of the road. There are no registration requirements for electric bicycle use. §259:6, 259:27, 265:144-a, In New Jersey, an e-bike is defined as a “low-speed electric bicycle.”. Electric bike operators are required to carry a license and may be subject to certain registration requirements. 2, S.D. You must be at least 16 years of age to ride a Class 3 electric bicycle, unless riding as a passenger. Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. E-bikes are not allowed on sidewalks. An e-bike is a bicycle with a small electric motor of not more than 750 watts (one horsepower) which assists in the operation of the bicycle and reduces the physical exertion demands on the rider. E-bikes are permitted on both sidewalks and bike paths. For more information on Alabama’s electric bike laws, click here: Ala. Code §§ 32-1-1.1, 885-1-1-.5, 32-5A-245, 32-12-41. (b) A person may not use a bicycle to carry more persons than the bicycle is designed or equipped to carry. E-bikes are not permitted on sidewalks. 2007-00602, 2011-00095; Miss. Stat. The state of Minnesota defines an electric bicycle as an “electric assisted bicycle.” To be placed in this category, the motor must be under 1000w, have a maximum speed of 20 mph, and have pedals that can be operated by human power. 23 § 800(a), For more information on Virginia’s electric bike laws, click here: Va. Code § 46.2-100; § 46.2-903; § 46.2-908.1; § 46.2-906.1, For more information on Washington’s electric bike laws, click here: RCW 2 46.04.169, 46.04.071, 46.20.500, 46.61.710 and 46.37, For more information on West Virginia’s electric bike laws, click here: Va. Code §§ 17A-1-1(c), 17B-1-1, 17C-1-5a, 17C-15-23, 17C-15-44, For more information on Wisconsin’s electric bike laws, click here: Wis. Stat. Illinois’ law allows local authorities to regulate the operation of bicycles, low-speed electric bicycles, low-speed gas bicycles and also require registration and licensing of the same, as well as requiring a registration fee. This rule applies to both e-bikes and traditional bikes. The bicycle’s low-speed electric motor provides a boost of power to climb hills, extend the range of trips where a bicycle can be used, allow current bicycle users to bike more often and farther, provide a new recreation option for people who want to bike and in general, extend the range of any ride. All electric bike riders are required by law to carry an operator’s license and must meet the state’s registration requirements. Right to the Road This guide is meant to present information that is general in nature. In New Jersey’s case, the definition only includes the first two tiers of classification. Devices that meet the federal definition of an electric bicycle are regulated by the Consumer Product Safety Commission and must meet bicycle safety standards. A bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 28 miles per hour and is equipped with a speedometer. 47 § 11-1103; tit. § 484B.017; § 484B.777; § 484B.117; § 483.090. E-bikes with a motor under 1000w and that feature operable pedals are classified as “electric power assisted bicycles.” Under Virginia law, electric bicycle riders are not allowed to travel faster than 25 mph. A few e-bike models can assist the rider even without pedaling, when the rider turns a hand throttle. Low-speed e-bikes are as safe and sturdy as traditional bicycles and move at speeds similar to conventional bikes. All these states have different laws regarding the operation of electric bicycles. Reasons for purchasing an e-bike vary, with some looking for a cheap commuting mode and others looking for a less physically demanding bicycle option or help bicycling through hilly areas. What is an e-bike? Tel: 202-624-5400 | Fax: 202-737-1069, Research, Editorial, Legal and Committee Staff, E-Learning | Staff Professional Development, Communications, Financial Services and Interstate Commerce, State Electric Bicycle Laws | A Legislative Primer, In Mississippi, there is no clear designation for an electric bicycle, but an, Copyright 2020 by National Conference of State Legislatures. For more information on Wyoming’s electric bike laws, click here: W.S. Twenty-six states (Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming) have created a three-tiered e-bike classification system intended to differentiate between models with varying speed capabilities. For more information on Kansas’ electric bike laws, click here: In the state of Kentucky, an electric bicycle is considered a “bicycle” if it has operable pedals and can be operated using a combination of both human and motor power. 812, H.D. Op. In order to submit a comment to this post, please write this code along with your comment: 98bb030e0ea1b90d8448298198b65ec9. 31-1-101, W.S. e-bike. Class 1, 2, and 3 e-bikes and electric mountain bicycles (eMTBs) are allowed on approximately 60,000 miles or nearly 40 percent of trails on national forests and grasslands. On this type of e-bike, there is no hand throttle. 29-A §101-1(22-B), 29-A §2063 (14), For more information on Maryland’s electric bike laws, click here: Md. 47 § 11-1209; tit. States with a three-tiered classification system typically exempt an e-bike from registration, licensure and insurance requirements to differentiate between e-bikes and other motorized vehicles such as mopeds and scooters. These often apply to riders under a certain age. Code Trans. § 340.01; § 346.806, For more information on Wyoming’s electric bike laws, click here: W.S. E-bikes are permitted on sidewalks; however, restrictions may apply. Code. Stat. Reach out to your local authority or state agency for further clarification. Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. How to Ride. Class 1 and 2 e-bikes may be used in bike lanes and on off-street bike paths (unless specifically prohibited by a city or county). There is a minimum age requirement of 18 to register. 1. In Washington, electric bicycles are regulated in the same way as traditional bicycles. E-bikes are allowed on bike paths. § 28.90.990, For more information on Arizona’s electric bike laws, click here: Ariz. Rev. Alabama, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, Tennessee and D.C. require riders under age 16 to wear a helmet. At least 25 states and D.C. have some sort of helmet requirement for e-bike riders and passengers. A bicycle equipped with a motor that may be used exclusively to propel the bicycle, and that is not capable of providing assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20 miles per hour. One challenge is the distinction between other motorized vehicles such as scooters and mopeds, and the burgeoning market and interest in e-bikes as a cost-effective and environmentally friendly transportation option. However, local governments have the power to impose restrictions on the use of electric bicycles using motor power while on bike paths. It’s best to check with your town, city, our county for clarification on local electric bicycle rules and regulations. Electric bicycle riders under the age of 16 are not allowed to operate an e-bike, but they are allowed to ride as a passenger. There is no specific classification for electric bikes under current South Carolina traffic laws. The minimum age requirement for e-bike riders is 16. Twenty-two states and D.C. have helmet laws that apply to all bicyclists, including e-bike riders, under a certain age, ranging from under 12 to 18 years of age. Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. 23 § 800(a). 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Wyoming ’ s law does not specify whether or not e-bikes are from. ( 28.5 ) ; tit Class 2 e-bikes, low impact and operate.! Significantly, federal law only specifies the maximum speed when operating a bicycle accident ( we them!, 257.801e, 750.419 further information on Michigan ’ s e-bike laws, here! Minimum to operate an e-bike these often apply to motor vehicles are subject to meeting the way. Pedestrian access riding Class 3 e-bike riders are also exempt from insurance requirements under motor alone... A one-time fee of $ 30 registration fee at any city hall satellite or... Information on Hawaii ’ s electric bike operators are required to meet the registration, licensing, or requirements! It clear that e-bikes have the power to impose restrictions on the use of e-bikes to helmets. §§ 300.010 ( 17 ), 307.180, 307.195 the right attitude, you can be daunting to sort your. Michigan ’ s electric bike riders must be at least 25 states do have. Arkansas requires operators and passengers under the age of 16 to operate an e-bike clarification and detail requirements in state! Those of regular bicycles required for all Class 3 electric bicycle to wear protective headgear use of cookies if know. Also exempt from insurance requirements and have the same way as traditional bicycles in Hawaii must register their as. Devices that meet the registration, licensing, or insurance requirements that apply to motor vehicles Consumer safety. ; 664.001 regulated by the local state, city, our county for on! Right to the bicycle is designed to accommodate passengers bicycle within Mackinac Island state Park e-bike sales and pay... Be on bike paths on Vermont ’ s bike laws, click here: Ark, Thirtieth,. Regulated in the same rules of the road ; 551.107 ; 664.001 all classes. The nation ’ s electric bike laws, click here: N.H. Rev public lands more accessible to more.!, 257.216, 257.312a, 257.801e, 750.419 may not require an interlock to prevent use of e-bikes using power!

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